‘Oasis Magna’ is what the Romans who occupied Kharga called this southernmost oasis in the area. It is
the biggest among the Western Desert oases.
During the occupation of the Roman Empire, Kharga was rathera welcome place for political and
religious exiles than an inconvenience. The place was also inhabited by desert hermits who dwelled in
the caves surrounding the area. To date, almost all the architecture from the ancient glorious days have
been mostly removed and Kharga is now considered the most modern of the all the Western Desert
However, remnants from the splendor of the many ancient civilizations do still remain like ancient
temple ruins, fortresses and palaces from the Saite-Era Temple of Hibis. El Bagawat, an old Christian
cemetery is one of those rare structures that has been well preserved.
Passing through Kharga is the ancient caravan route of Darb el-Arba’in that used to link Egypt and Nubia.
This ancient route was later then conjoined with the slave trade between Africa and the mild-weathered
Places of interest:
• Ain Umm el-Dabadib
• Baris el-Gedida
• Cemetery of el-Bagawat
• Kharga Museum of Antiquities
• Monastery of el-Kashef
• Qasr el-Dush
• Qasr el-Ghueita
• Qasr el-Labakha
• Qasr el-Zayyan
• Temple of el-Nadura
• Temple of Hibis